What is 5G?

What is 5G?

5G is the fifth generation of cellular networks, using higher digital radio frequencies to transfer data much quicker than other cellular networks. That means faster downloads and uploads, and the ability to connect more devices and lower latency.

 

Many technologies and 5G devices that weren't possible before are now available for industries from healthcare to retail and autonomous vehicles. 5G is set to play a critical role in the evolution of IoT technologies - without many limitations that come with 4G networks.

 

Key features include:

1. Faster speed, offering instant access to applications.

2. Higher security to ensure higher reliability for users.

3. Reduced latency, ensuring that data travels between points quickly.

4. Increased capabilities to handle more devices at one time.

Why is 5G important to IoT?

5G infrastructure enables industries to connect to new technologies, from AI robots on factory floors to smart meters in water management. 5G has a greater bandwidth, allowing more devices to be connected without risk of unstable connections, handling more devices while managing potential innovation costs.

 

Industries like oil and gas controls, smart city management and emergency vehicles increasingly leverage real-time communication to safely and efficiently manage their operations.

evolution of 5G IoT Networks

How does 5G work?

Where previous generations of cellular networks were primarily radio-focused, 5G centralises on networking technologies, radio waves and a core processor that controls and distributes data. Here is a breakdown of these three elements in more detail:

 

  • 1. 5G networking technologies. Radio frequencies and antennas are used to provide wireless connectivity to connected devices.

 

  • 2. Radio waves. 5G frequency range consists of three ranges - low, mid and high.
    • - Low-band is considered to be the baseline of 5G and is approximately 20% faster than 4G LTE networks.
    • - Mid-band is more widely available in major cities, offering speeds 6 times faster than 4G LTE.
    • - High or mmWave 5G is approximately 10 times faster and can transmit messages almost immediately.

 

  • 3. A 5G core. This brain of the network is where all the data is taken and stored before being transferred to the right location.
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5G IoT Case Studies

The PFM Experience Centre on Wheels

PFM has installed different types of camera, sensor, radar and laser to the big digital billboard loaded on the trailer of the truck. Once they arrived in the shopping centre, the billboard can be placed inside to collect all sort of people flow data in huge volume, then transmitted to the Experience Centre via Robustel 5G IoT router R5020 to the 5G cellular network.

 

(Partnering with PFM and Delmation)

Spot Robot Remote Control

Spot Robot can be used in dark factory conditions, where human access is difficult, harmful environments, or even in search and rescue. It can react quickly similar to that of wired connection thanks to the fast 5G connection secured by the Robustel R5020. During inspection of industrial facilities or areas with hazardous environment, Spot Robot can monitor values such as pressure, current, temperature etc. in industrial facilities with sensors like thermal cameras.

 

(Partnering with Vodafone, MEXT technology centre and GSL)

Remote Robot Arm Control

Remote robot arm control, which can revolutionize many industries, takes advantage of the low latency and high speed advantages of 5G technology, not only in remote surgeries, but also in areas that may increase productivity. In this application by Mitsubishi, it is critical to be able to send data over the Modbus, one of the many industrial protocols supported by the Robustel 5G IoT Router R5020.

 

(Partnering with Mitsubishi and GSL)

Smart CNC Machine Co-working with AMR

At 2022 WIN Eurasia, a Private 5G infrastructure was set up, to power communication for Milvus autonomous mobile robots (AMRs) and Automated Guided Vehicles (AGV) and Eriş Makina's smart computer numerical control (CNC) solutions. Thus, interruptions and congestion in traditional Wi-Fi and other networking technologies can be avoided, allowing all of the AMR / AGV and production line devices to communicate with each other over the 5G network uninterrupted and privately. 

 

(Partnering with Milvus, Eriş Makina and GSL)

Automated Storage(AS)/Retrieval System(RS)

AS/RS are systems to manage storage operations such as storing, arranging, unloading and even order picking. In this case, high-speed/instant communication is provided with the backend ERP thanks to the 5G integration of the AS/RS system offered by Altınay. In addition, the system also allows the use of high-resolution cameras to communicate with 5G and to separate certain packages.

 

(Partnering with Altınay and GSL)

Emergency Stop of Assembly Line

High safety requirements occur during material delivery and pickup in some areas of an assembly line, where 5G can provide an advantage in occupational safety optimization. In Siskon Automation's application, the low latency provided by 5G ensures that the information received from motion sensors is sent without delay, and the assembly line can be stopped immediately in case of any danger.

 

(Partnering with Siskon Automation and GSL)

5G Q&A

How fast is 5G?

5G wireless networks can deliver rates of up to 20 Gigabits-per-second (Gbps) at peak data rates. During average data rates, networks can deliver up to 100 Megabits per second (Mbps).

What is the difference between 4G and 5G?

5G has the potential to be up to 100 times faster than 4G.  Here are two other differences between 5G and 4G:

 

  • Latency: 5G networks are expected to have a latency rate of 1 millisecond, compared to almost 50 milliseconds for 4G.
  • Bandwidth: Where 4G leverages only a narrow slice of the available spectrum, 5G leverages three different bands - all of which have their own frequency.

What is better, LTE or 5G?

5G offers lower latency and increased speed, making connecting a wide range of IoT devices better. While LTE is considered to be the standard for wireless communications. It’s proven to be stable and reliable enough to host a range of IoT devices.

Where is 5G available?

China and the US are at the forefront of the 5G rollout. However, as of June 2022, around 70 countries have 5G networks available.

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